Trafficking in human beings, as one of the dangerous types of transnational organized crime, has become a problem for the entire world community, including Uzbekistan, therefore, issues of combating this phenomenon are addressed in the republic at the state level. 

In order to take effective measures to prevent and combat human trafficking, on April 17, 2008, the Law of Uzbekistan "On Combating Human Trafficking" was adopted, which defines the concept of "human trafficking", namely:

“Trafficking in persons is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of people for the purpose of exploiting them through the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or through bribery in the form of payments or benefits to obtain the consent of the person in control of another person. Exploitation of people means the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the removal of organs or tissues from a person. "

In accordance with the Law, the Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PP-911 of 08.07.2008 “On measures to increase the effectiveness of combating trafficking in persons” was adopted. The National Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings was approved. To coordinate the activities of the bodies directly involved in combating trafficking in persons, the Republican Interdepartmental Commission on Countering Trafficking in Persons was formed, the main tasks of which are determined by the above Law of April 17, 2008.

The commission includes heads of state bodies and public organizations, including ministries and departments, the Women's Committee, the National Center for Human Rights, the Commissioner of the Oliy Majlis for Human Rights (Ombudsman), the Mahalla Fund, the Central Council of the Kamolot Social Youth Movement and Public center "Izhtimoy fikr". 

Taking into account the coordinating role of the prosecutor's office in the fight against crime, the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Uzbekistan was appointed the chairman of this commission. 

In pursuance of the Law “On Counteracting Trafficking in Human Beings”, the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan on November 5, 2008 adopted a Resolution “On the Establishment of the Republican Rehabilitation Center for Assisting and Protecting Victims of Human Trafficking”.

One of the important ways to prevent migration for illegal employment abroad is to raise the level of awareness of citizens about its negative consequences, in particular, the responsibility of the migrant for violations of labor, tax, customs and passport-visa regime of countries to which potential victims are going to leave

To this end, a broad campaign has been launched using various forms of public awareness, not only on the legislative framework, but also on the specific facts of trafficking crimes and its negative consequences.

In cases where the facts of the removal of citizens abroad by fraudulent means for labour exploitation are found, cases are brought against persons who are responsible for the victims of such trafficking.

However, given that no State can solve the problem of trafficking alone, in order to coordinate action in this area, Uzbekistan has joined the main international instruments that form the legal basis for forming a comprehensive international approach to the rights of men, women and children, including measures to combat illegal traffic, protect its victims and punish those involved in this criminal activity.

At the same time, while acknowledging that fruitful legal cooperation with international organizations is essential to effectively counter the threat of human trafficking and address the problem at the state level, the law enforcement and judicial authorities of the Republic of Uzbekistan are cooperating with the UN, OSCE and IOM missions by actively participating in the practical implementation of their project documents to prevent human trafficking and protect its victims in Uzbekistan.